The recent case of a middle-aged man in Rajasthan who allegedly tried to rape a teenaged girl has gone viral. The reason for this particular post is to discuss what happened to him afterwards and why it was disturbing from a rights based perspective. Considering the increased instances of gender based violence in the country, this case and the public reaction to it needs to be inspected carefully.
The local residents of the Ganganagar area pulled Suresh Kumar away from the girl and publicly beat him up. After this, his penis was cut off using a butcher’s knife. A lot of people on various social networking sites, where the news article is being circulated, are coming out in support of the act, calling it apt vigilante justice. This article is a basic exploration of the reasons about why such an activity is problematic on several accounts and how it does nothing to ensure true safety for the women in the country.
Historically speaking, mob mentality has been known to spread havoc rather than bring a positive change in society. Public disgrace and shaming of people who are termed as “offenders” is not only outside of the social and legal sanction ,it also fuels an anarchist (and not in good way) and regressive mindset. During a mob formation, there is absolutely no regulation of unruly behavior of each participant and this can lead to extreme miscommunication between them. The exact details of whatever is happening around the mob participants can be very unclear due to the unchecked rage and sentiments. This can lead to huge injustices and unnecessary assaults on innocent people. While it is true that rage and anger is useful in initiating important revolutions, it needs to be in adequate doses which can be channelized in positive ways.
After going through all the reports in the digital media, one tends to ask where is the girl in the picture and why is her voice missing from these news articles? As a victim of sexual assault, her experience as well as her opinion about the attack is vital as it forms a platform through which a bystander can perceive the incidents of the aftermath. We need to remember that in a patriarchal society a woman’s body is regarded as a cultural symbol and therefore related to the honour and respectability of a family, community, religion etc. A lot of times, some relationships that are outside the dominant sociocultural sanctions (such as inter-religious or non-hetero normative relationships ) can face violence at the hands of an angry mob. In a way, this denies the woman any agency in claiming her sexuality and choosing her partner as she deems fit. A lot of irrational attacks have happened in India due to xenophobic, homophobic ideas and with communal intentions. What if this particular case was on the similar lines? How can we be sure of the authenticity of the news unless we know the “victim’s” and the “perpetrator’s “viewpoints which can be used to objectively access the case.
There is a reason why laws exist in our society. Mob justice can take care of one or two cases at best but effective legal action on the other hand can help in questioning and changing the unequal distribution of power in our society. It is important to bring a paradigm shift and restructure the patriarchal society instead of resorting to temporary and reactionary justice methods that can and will fuel into further systems of oppression for women in the country.