The first wave of feminism generally refers to the nineteenth and early twentieth century in the western world. This phase revolved largely around gaining basic legal rights for women.
Annie Besant was a noted philosopher, social reformer, women’s rights activist, besides being a prolific writer and orator, whose name remains inextricably linked with India’s struggle for freedom.
Bhikaji Cama preferred to spend her life and struggle for independence in a foreign land rather than betray her beliefs, an act of protest few can claim to have carried out.
Saraswati Devi was one of the earliest female figures in music direction in Hindi cinema and composed scores for many popular Hindi films in the 1930s and 1940s.
Salma Siddiqui was an Urdu novelist and a prominent member of the Progressive Writers’ Movement, best known for her novel Sikandarnama.
Sudesh Vaid was India’s leading social justice activist, academic and feminist of the second-wave era who helped establish People's Union for Democratic Rights (PUDR).
Fondly known as 'Ashtavadani', (someone who can perform 8 tasks simultaneously), Bhanumathi Ramakrishna was a multitalented actress, with accomplishments in music and literature as well.
Arutla Kamala Devi was a prominent figure and activist of the Telangana Armed Rebellion, and the first woman opposition leader in the Telangana Stae Assembly.
The entire city of Lucknow and Awadh united under the leadership of Begum Hazrat Mahal to stand up against the British, in the first war of independence, irrespective of religious and gender differences.
Durgabai Deshmukh was the only female member of the panel of Chairmen in the Constituent Assembly and played a significant role in the enactment of many social welfare laws.