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In this section, find articles, essays, listicles on Indian feminist icons and history of the feminist movement in India and South Asia.

first wave of feminism

A Brief Summary Of The First Wave Of Feminism

The first wave of feminism generally refers to the nineteenth and early twentieth century in the western world. This phase revolved largely around gaining basic legal rights for women.
Annie Besant

Annie Besant And Her Dauntless Legacy Of Resistance

Annie Besant was a noted philosopher, social reformer, women’s rights activist, besides being a prolific writer and orator, whose name remains inextricably linked with India’s struggle for freedom.
Bhikaji Cama

Bhikaji Cama: First Woman To Hoist Indian Flag On Foreign Soil | #IndianWomenInHistory

Bhikaji Cama preferred to spend her life and struggle for independence in a foreign land rather than betray her beliefs, an act of protest few can claim to have carried out.
Saraswati Devi

Saraswati Devi: One Of The First Music Directors In Indian Cinema | #IndianWomenInHistory

Saraswati Devi was one of the earliest female figures in music direction in Hindi cinema and composed scores for many popular Hindi films in the 1930s and 1940s.
Salma Siddiqui

Salma Siddiqui: Prominent Member Of The Progressive Writer’s Movement | #IndianWomenInHistory

Salma Siddiqui was an Urdu novelist and a prominent member of the Progressive Writers’ Movement, best known for her novel Sikandarnama.
Sudesh Vaid

Sudesh Vaid: Builder Of Bridges Between Academia And Activism | #IndianWomenInHistory

Sudesh Vaid was India’s leading social justice activist, academic and feminist of the second-wave era who helped establish People's Union for Democratic Rights (PUDR).

Bhanumathi Ramakrishna: Multiple Talents And Signature Arrogance | #IndianWomenInHistory

Fondly known as 'Ashtavadani', (someone who can perform 8 tasks simultaneously), Bhanumathi Ramakrishna was a multitalented actress, with accomplishments in music and literature as well.
Arutla Kamala Devi

Arutla Kamala Devi: First Opposition Woman Leader In India | #IndianWomenInHistory

Arutla Kamala Devi was a prominent figure and activist of the Telangana Armed Rebellion, and the first woman opposition leader in the Telangana Stae Assembly.
Begum Hazrat Mahal

Begum Hazrat Mahal – Courtesan, Queen And Military Leader | #IndianWomenInHistory

The entire city of Lucknow and Awadh united under the leadership of Begum Hazrat Mahal to stand up against the British, in the first war of independence, irrespective of religious and gender differences.
Durgabai Deshmukh

Durgabai Deshmukh And Her Unending Devotion To Social Welfare | #IndianWomenInHistory

Durgabai Deshmukh was the only female member of the panel of Chairmen in the Constituent Assembly and played a significant role in the enactment of many social welfare laws.

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Ali Zafar

Meesha Shafi Takes A Stand Against Ali Zafar And Sexual Abuse

On 19th April, when Pakistani actress, model and singer Meesha Shafi tweeted about suffering sexual harassment at the hands of her fellow actor-singer Ali Zafar, she was almost instantly bombarded with a vicious backlash.
Aijaz Sheikh

“Faith Healer” Aijaz Sheikh Has Sexually Abused Thousands Of Children

While pretending to be a faith healer, Aijaz Sheikh has subjected thousands of children in North Kashmir to sexual abuse.
To Kill a Mockingbird

Gender Roles And Stereotyping In ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’

To Kill a Mockingbird covers several themes that are often uncomfortable to encounter and explore, such as racism and loss of innocence.