IntersectionalityLGBTQIA+ What Does Sikhism Say About Homosexuality?

What Does Sikhism Say About Homosexuality?

Sikhism as a religion is very tolerant and advocates equality and there are no references to homosexuality and homophobia in Guru Granth Sahib.

Posted by Sukhdeep Singh

I have never considered myself to be a religious person. For some reasons, it has been science that I have always turned to, and steered clear of religion; and this has also meant that accepting my sexuality hasn’t been hard for me. But as certain things in my life recently have made me realize, religion still remains an important aspect for many individuals, and accepting their own sexuality for religious people is often a very tough task. Many think that it is against God’s will, and that their very existence on this earth is wrong or sinful.

Sikhism as a religion is very tolerant and advocates equality. There have been articles by various people about how there are no references to homosexuality and homophobia in Guru Granth Sahib, and if our Gurus had considered it an important subject to be dealt by religion, they would have addressed it. One such article was published in Gaylaxy magazine itself previously.

However, Punjabi culture is often not so tolerant. Here, there is a need to distinguish between Sikhs and Punjabis. While Sikh religion clearly forbids discrimination of people on the basis of caste, class, gender, etc, the caste system is still prevalent in Punjab. Punjab (along with Haryana) has the most dismal sex ratio in India. Female foeticide and the desire of a male child runs very high among Punjabis. Yet, our Gurus had clearly treated women on par with males. When the Khalsa Panth was established by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, all Sikhs were given the title of Singh and women of Kaur (meaning Princess), which was clearly to remove the identification of the caste of a person on the basis of his title. That Guru Gobind Singh Ji accorded the title of Kaur (Princess) itself denotes the high significance and respect he gave to women. Women participated in Langaras, fought as warriors alongside men against the Mughal forces. Yet, in Punjab (and among most Punjabis elsewhere), the story today is somewhat different, and can be gauged by the low sex ratio in Punjab.

To be precise, Sikh religion and Punjabi culture are not always the same, though often they are confused to be the same. Punjabi society in general is very patriarchal, conservative, and as the recent stance by some of the religious heads in the Sec 377 case proves, homophobic. This however stands in direct conflict with the religion. As anyone having even the slightest knowledge of Sikh religion would know, during the Mughal times when there was a rule of tyranny and fear, Guru Gobind Singh Ji decided to form the Khalsa and gave the five K’s to Sikhs. The aim was to give the Sikh community a unique identity and develop a clan of fearless people. The turban and hairs, along with the other K’s ensured that a Sikh would be identifiable even in a crowd of 1000s and would be fearless enough not to hide his identity. This was especially significant during the Mughal period as Hindus were either being persecuted or forcefully converted to Islam. Thus, our Guru developed a community which would be easily identifiable at a time of atrocities, yet would be fearless and brave enough to fight against oppression and injustice.

Now, when a LGBT Sikh fears coming out, fears the society and hides his identity, he is going against the very things that the Gurus taught. Guru Gobind Singh Ji never wanted his followers to hide their identity, yet, when you live in the closet, that is the exact thing that you do- hide your true identity. Guru Gobind Singh Ji wanted Sikhs to be brave and fearless, he had said, “Chirion se main baaz larraun, Tabe Gobind Singh naam kahaun,” (I will train a sparrow to fight with a hawk) implying his followers, even if they would be fighting against a mighty enemy, would be brave enough to fight. Yet, when you fear the society, when you fear telling the truth, when you fear your family’s reaction, you are being weak and fearful, something that the Guru never wanted Sikhs to be. If anything, Sikh religion is not against alternate sexuality, neither does it preach a person to live in fear or hide his identity. It is when you, as a Sikh, are living in closet, living in fear that you are going against the religion, against the preaching of the Gurus. Fellow brothers and sisters, if you are gay, or if you are being open about it, remember, that is what our Gurus would have also wanted you to do. If you are a LGBT Sikh and open about it, you are not going against the religion; instead, you are just being a true follower of the Guru.

Sukhdeep Singh is a Facebook addict who works as a software engineer by day and transforms into a writer at night. He is also the founder and editor of Gaylaxy magazine. 

Disclaimer: This article was previously published on Gaylaxy Magazine and has been re-published here with their consent. 


  1. Chris Schweighofer says:

    I would like to comment on your quote, “it has been science that I have always turned to, and steered clear of religion; and this has also meant that accepting my sexuality hasn’t been hard for me.” This comment is confusing to me. If you were focused on science you would know that we are born male or female and that in order to procreate, the natural way, we must engage in sexual relations with the opposite sex. Anything else is contrary to nature. Religion should help people understand that their sexual orientation does not define who they are. We should not focus on the fact that we are straight or gay but focus on the fact that we are loved children of God and we should be treated as such. Religion promotes the notion that we should love everyone equally no matter their race, sexual orientation, disabilities etc.

  2. Amolpreet Kaur says:

    Hey Chris , let me correct you from the point of view of a doctor (hence being able to comment on biology) , that science does not consider that you have to be confined to one gender. Also, you are confusing between gender and sexuality. For most part, science does not consider homosexuality a disease and validates it’s presence in many animals. Science also considers that there is intersex, there are male genotypes with female genitalia and vice-versa (usually grow up acc to the external genitalia untill symptoms like amenorrhea show, thus in many cases proving role of society in gender identity definition), and science also identifies that their are people with genotype as we as phenotype of a particular gender but not identify with it and some may have body dysmorphia, the management of which is provided as sex conversions and hormone therapy- thus validating trans community. Do not state science out of context, yes procreation is necessary for species maintenance, but science accepts that there are enough of heterosexual and cis people to bear that brunt ( we aren’t over populated for nothing). And also, science is trying to find a way that female eggs can be fused one day, thus creating a possibility of homosexual couples (female) being able to reproduce one day. As of now, the concepts of sperm and ovum donation with IVF do exist to benifit any couple (homosexual or otherwise) who wishes to conceive. Stop stating science out of context. Thankyou. God bless you

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